Black residents are significantly more likely than whites to live more than a mile from the nearest vaccine site, according to an analysis that measures barriers to access to vaccines.

The analysis released Thursday by the University of Pittsburgh’s School of Pharmacy and the West Health Policy Center is an update to the open-access VaxMap, which was created in December to measure the density of the vaccination facility and the distance traveled by all residents to locations , on which Covid-19 vaccines are used.

The researchers analyzed 69 districts in the United States. These counties are particularly concentrated in Georgia, Missouri, Louisiana, Virginia, Texas, and Alabama. A third of them are in urban areas including Atlanta, Dallas-Fort Worth, Houston, Detroit, New Orleans, and New York City.

Following the CDC’s report this week that only 5% of recipients of Covid-19 vaccines were black in the first month of the rollout, the study’s authors hope the results “will bring the new government as well as state and county governments along with it Information will be provided on where greater assistance is needed. ”

Almost three quarters of the districts with these racial differences in access to vaccines have a high rate of new Covid-19 infections between November 2020 and January 2021, with a daily average of more than 50 new cases per 100,000.

Black people are less likely than whites to live near a pharmacy, clinic, hospital or health center where Covid-19 vaccines can be administered, the researchers said.

“Pharmacies should be easily accessible, but in some places there is little capacity or density and the floodgates open,” said Lucas Berenbrok, Pharm.D., Assistant professor at the Pitt School of Pharmacy and lead author of the study. “If there are obstacles like travel times, there has to be a plan to reach these people. We cannot forget them.”


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