In 2010, another member of the RNC, a former army chief named Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa, was shot and wounded in Johannesburg.

The assassination of Rwandan dissidents in South Africa had sparked diplomatic tension between the two countries, including the eviction of diplomats, before ties were thawed under current South African President Cyril Ramaphosa.

Lunga Ngqengelele, a spokesman for the South African ministry for international relations and cooperation, said that South Africa and Rwanda continue to have “good working relationships”.

Regarding the assassination of Mr. Bamporiki, Mr. Ngqengelele said: “We are led by the police and so far they have not indicated that this is a political assassination.”

In addition to South Africa, critics of the Rwandan government have also been targeted elsewhere. In Kenya, a former minister was shot dead in 1998, months after fear for his life. In Belgium, a mutilated body of a former government official was found swimming in a canal in 2005.

And last August, Paul Rusesabagina, a government critic credited with saving 1,268 lives during the Rwandan genocide, was arrested and charged with terrorism under an elaborate ruse that Mr. Kagame described as “spotless”. This case has been condemned worldwide.

In the case of Mr Bamporiki, the man who allegedly lured him to his death had phoned him consistently for a week and insisted he wanted to buy a bed in his shop, Mr Mutabazi, the RNC spokesman, said Monday. Mr. Bamporiki was at a party congress in Johannesburg at the time, but didn’t suspect anything unusual, said Mr. Mutabazi.


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