According to the Resolution Foundation, less than half of those who lost their jobs during a pandemic have found work.

One study found that twice as many young and non-white British workers lost their jobs after taking a vacation compared to the average, largely because they were more likely to work in sectors hardest hit by the coronavirus pandemic.

The Resolution Foundation think tank reported that 19 percent of workers ages 18-24 and 22 percent of ethnic minority workers had lost their jobs after vacation, compared with 9 percent of the total.

The study is based on a survey of 6,000 people conducted at the end of September by the survey company YouGov.

Job losses were most common in the hospitality and leisure sectors and among those whose work was precarious before the crisis – categories where younger and non-white workers are more common in the UK.

Race alone did not seem to be a big factor, but age appeared to play a partial role, with younger workers more likely to leave employment even after adjusting for a few other factors.

Long term risks

“What is worrying is that fewer than half of those who lost their jobs during the pandemic have since found work,” said Kathleen Henehan, an analyst with the Resolution Foundation.

“This suggests that the UK employment crisis will stay with us much longer, even if the public health crisis subsides in a few months.”

Few job seekers applied for jobs outside of the sectors in which they had previously worked due to a lack of experience, which increased the risk of long-term unemployment.

Around nine million jobs – about a third of those in the private sector – were occupied at the height of the pandemic, and workers were receiving 80 percent of their normal pay.

Just over two million jobs remain partially or fully occupied.

According to official figures, the unemployment rate in Great Britain was 4.5 percent in the three months to August. The Resolution Foundation estimated the unemployment rate in September at around 7 percent and rose to 20 percent among 18- to 24-year-olds.

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