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According to a study published in the open access journal BMC Medicine, two common eating habits among British adults, which include high intake of chocolate and confectionery, may be linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and middle-aged death.

Carmen Piernas, the corresponding author, said: “Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death and disability in the UK and poor diet is a major contributor to this. The most common dietary guidelines are based on the nutrients in food, not in food are included themselves and this can be confusing to the public. Our results help identify certain foods and drinks that are commonly eaten in the UK that can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. “

Researchers at Oxford University, UK, identified two diets that were linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and middle-aged death in the UK. The first was rich in chocolate, confectionery, butter and white bread and poor in fresh fruits and vegetables. The second was rich in sugary drinks, fruit juices, chocolate, confectionery, table sugar and jams and poor in butter and high-fat cheese.

The researchers found that those whose diets contained higher amounts of chocolate, confectionery, butter, and white bread were more likely to be male, younger, economically disadvantaged, currently smoking, less physically active, obese, or to have high blood pressure than those whose diet included diet not high amounts of these foods. In this group, people who were younger than 60 years of age or who were overweight or obese were at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than those who were older than 60 years or who were not living with overweight or obesity.

Individuals whose diets were high in sugary drinks, fruit juices, and jams were found to be at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality, although they also tended to be physically active and were less likely to currently smoke or live with obesity and high blood pressure, or diabetes high cholesterol than those who did not eat this diet. Women, people younger than 60 years of age, or those living with obesity in particular, were at higher risk for cardiovascular disease if they consumed a diet high in these foods.

To study the effects of diet on the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality, the authors analyzed data from 116,806 adults from England, Scotland and Wales who were hired by the UK biobank between 2006 and 2010. Participants were between 37 and 73 years old with an average age of 56 years. Participants reported between two and five times about the food they had eaten in the past 24 hours. The researchers then identified the nutrients and food groups that were eaten by the participants. The incidence of cardiovascular disease and mortality were calculated using hospital admissions and death records through 2017 and 2020, respectively.

The authors warn that the observational nature of the study does not allow any conclusions to be drawn about a causal relationship between diet, cardiovascular diseases and mortality. Because the nutritional data comes from individual 24-hour assessments rather than a continuous period of time, they may not be representative of participants’ diets. Future research may examine the possible reasons for the links between the two diets examined in this study and cardiovascular disease and mortality.

Carmen Piernas said, “Our research suggests that consuming less chocolate, confectionery, butter, low-fiber bread, sugary beverages, fruit juice, table sugar and canned food in middle-aged people may be associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease or death This could be in line with previous research that suggested that eating foods that are lower in sugar and lower in calories may be linked to a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. The results of this study could be used to help Produce dietary recommendations that could help people eat healthier diets and reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease. ”

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More information:
Associations between dietary habits and the incidence of total and fatal cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in 116,806 people from the British Biobank: a prospective cohort study, BMC Medicine (2021). DOI: 10.1186 / s12916-021-01958-x Provided by BioMed Central

Quote: Foods linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and middle-aged death (2021, April 21) were found on April 21, 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-04- foods-cardiovascular-disease-death-middle retrieved -age.html

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