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A Griffith University study found that providing food as an intervention for patients in primary care physicians and community clinics can help reduce weight.
Under the direction of Associate Professor Lauren Ball of the Menzies Health Institute in Queensland, the researchers reviewed all studies aimed at inducing weight loss through direct provision of food or supplements to primary care.
“Primary care is recognized as an ideal place to promote healthy diets for people and communities. There is no other place that has greater reach for communities, including vulnerable populations, migrants and indigenous Australians,” said Associate Professor Ball.
“There are increasing calls for primary care services to expand their activities and patients place great emphasis on dietary discussions during consultations. However, many health professionals report significant barriers to the delivery of nutritional care, including nutritional deficiencies, low dietary self-efficacy, and competing Priorities in consultations. “
The researchers analyzed four studies involving a total of 476 adults. Two of the studies used meal replacement products, another used green tea and vitamin E supplements, and one study used a farmers market in a primary care clinic. The interventions lasted between four and 13 weeks.
“The variety of interventions shows that there are a number of ways to support patients through food,” said Associate Professor Ball.
“All of the studies showed some early signs of success, such as weight loss or improvement in health outcomes such as waist circumference, blood pressure, or insulin levels.
“This study provides examples of how initiatives could be designed, but we need more high-quality research to determine whether the cost of providing food is worth the benefit for improved outcomes.”
“Providing Primary Care Patients with Food For Weight Loss: A Systematic Review of the Literature” is published in BMJ Nutrition, Prevention and Health.
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Lauren Ball et al. Providing Basic Care Patients with Food to Induce Weight Loss: A Systematic Review of the Literature, BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health (2021). DOI: 10.1136 / bmjnph-2020-000195 Provided by Griffith University
Quote: Providing basic food supply to patients may contribute to weight loss (2021, April 1), which will be available on April 1, 2021 at https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-04-food-patients-primary-aid -weight.html was obtained
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