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New research has shown that one in five people in south London has multimorbidity.
The study, published today in the Lancet Regional Health by researchers at King’s College London and the NIHR Guy and St. Thomas Biomedical Research Center, and supported by Impact on Urban Health, examined and identified the prevalence of multimorbidity – two or more long-term illnesses at the same time Key Relationships Between Diseases.
Between April 2005 and May 2020, the researchers analyzed electronic health records from participants aged 18 and over in a London neighborhood. The district has an underprivileged, multi-ethnic, and youthful population.
Research has shown that multimorbidity is more common among women and black ethnic minorities. An estimated 21% of the population had multimorbidity and the number of diseases increased progressively with age, with people 80 years and older having a median of four diseases.
The study also identified clusters of conditions that often occur simultaneously. The first cluster, which involved adults between the ages of 18 and 39, showed that anxiety and depression occurred at the same time. The second cluster associated with age and polypharmacy identified heart disease and dementia. The third cluster identified cardiometabolic disorders and chronic pain in the elderly and black ethnic groups. The last cluster identified risk behaviors such as alcohol and substance dependence in young men who also smoke.
The study shows that healthcare providers need to tailor care to multiple long-term conditions. This need has been underscored by the COVID-19 pandemic, as people with previous illnesses such as high blood pressure, diabetes or coronary artery disease are more likely to have severe symptoms or die from COVID. The same health inequalities that are pronounced among people with multimorbidity are also those who are at higher risk of hospitalization or death from COVID-19, which includes black ethnic groups and people in disadvantaged areas.
Lead author Alessandra Bisquera of King’s College London said, “Multimorbidity is not limited to elderly citizens. More young people around the world are diagnosed with multiple diseases, and less socioeconomically favored will accelerate the process so that multimorbidity occurs sooner in deprived urban areas Many conditions are still treated in isolation so there are patients who may be taking multiple medications and visiting multiple specialists at the same time, which adds to their disadvantage. The UK Medical Education and Service Organization must do so. We hope that By identifying these common disease clusters, we can deal more systematically with multimorbidity and delay its progression. ”
Two or more long-term health conditions related to a positive COVID-19 test from King’s College London
Quote: One in five people in South London lives with multiple long-term illnesses (2021, February 24), accessed on February 24, 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-02-people-south-london-multiple-long- were. term.html
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